Amazon SQS Standard vs FIFO Queue – How to Choose the right one !!!

sqs standard vs fifo queue
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Amazon SQS Standard vs FIFO Queue

Dear Reader, In this post, I will be sharing with you the important differences between the AWS SQS standard and FIFO queue.

This will help you understand both the queue and also help you choose the correct one for your use case.

What is SQS?

Amazon SQS or Simple Queue Service is a fully managed message queue Service provided by AWS.

In the world of microservices architecture, Amazon SQS helps you decouple your application components so that they can work and fail independently.

AWS SQS vs FIFO Queue

Suggested Read: Things to Know about SQS Dead Letter Queue

Features

  • Frees you from managing your own message queuing system
  • You can send, receive and store messages between components
  • Increases the fault tolerance of your application.
  • You can share sensitive data between components using encryption
  • Scales efficiently as your application grows

SQS Provides two types of Message Queue

  1. Standard Queue
  2. FIFO Queue

Let’s define both of them first and then understand the differences based on multiple parameters.

  • Message Ordering
  • Delivery
  • Throughput
  • Use cases

Definition

Standard Queue FIFO Queue
It’s the default queue type offered by AWS SQS. This provides unlimited throughput, best effort ordering and at least once message delivery.FIFO means first in first out. Which simply means that messages will be ordered in the queue and first message to arrive in the queue will be first to leave the queue.

Now, when we defined them, lets evaluate them on various parameters that we specified earlier in this post.

Message Ordering

SQS Standard queues provide best-effort ordering. In other words It tries best to deliver a message in the same order as they are sent.

However, occasionally more than one copy of a message might be delivered out of order

FIFO queues on the other hand, offer first-in-first-out delivery .The order in which messages are sent and received is strictly preserved as you can see below.

FIFO Queue ordering

Delivery

  • Standard Queue grantees at least once delivery but sometimes duplicates or more then one copy of a message can be deliverd.
  • FIFO queues ensure a message is delivered exactly once and remains available until a consumer processes and deletes it. duplicates are not introduced into the queue

Throughput

  • Standard queues offers unlimited throughput. In other words it supports nearly-unlimited number of transactions per second per API call.
  • FIFO queues on the other hand are limited to 300 transactions per second per API action without batching and 3000 message with batching(When you batch 10 messages(max) per operation)

Use cases

  • You can always use Standard queue as long as you are able to process duplicates and out of order messages
  • FIFO queues can be used when ordering of message is must and duplicates are not accepted at any cost.

Conclusion:

In this post we analysed SQS Standard vs FIFO Queue. let’s sum up what we learnt in this post.

  • AWS SQS is fully managed message queue service offered by AWS
  • It provides two types of queue – Standard and FIFO
  • Standard queue supports best effort ordering, at least one delivery and nearly unlimited throughput.
  • FIFO queue provides first in first out ordering and messages are delivered exactly once. It supports 300 transactions per second.
  • At last we saw the use cases of both the queue
  • Based on the these use cases you can select the right queue for your workload

I hope you found this post helpful.

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