How to Install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2 Instance Step by Step
Dear Reader, I hope you are doing well. In this how-to guide, I am here to help you install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2 EC2 instance.
Amazon Linux 2:
- Amazon Linux 2 is a very popular free-tier eligible Linux AMI provided by AWS. You can use the yum package manager to install software on Linux 2.
- Usually, the stable versions of the software are found on the Amazon Linux core repository and can be installed using the yum install package-name command.
- Any newly released software gets added eventually to the amazon-Linux-extras repository.
- At the time of writing this post, PHP 8.1 is available in amazon-Linux-extras repository and we will be installing it from there only on Amazon Linux 2.
PHP is a popular server-side scripting language. It is at the core of the world’s biggest blogging system i.e. WordPress. PHP 8.1 is the major update of PHP language and it provides many new features such as-
- Enum support
- First-class callable syntax
- Read-only properties
- Intersection types
- Performance improvement etc.
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PHP 8.1 was released on November 25, 2021, however, it was not available on amazon-linux-extra repo until recently. I have seen users asking for this in various forums and GitHub issues.
Most of the tutorials that you’ll find on the internet are installing PHP 8.1 via the Remi repository. However, I always find it convenient and hassle-free to install packages from a native-supported repository.
And I am happy that PHP 8.1 is already present in amazon-linux-extra repository. So let’s go and install it on our Linux 2 system.
- An AWS Account
- Permission to Create an Instance
- Permission to Execute commands
Steps to Install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2 Instance
On a high level, below are the steps to install PHP 8.1 on an Amazon Linux 2 instance. If you already have got a running instance, you can connect to your instance and we can directly start from step 2.
- Create an Amazon Linux 2 EC2 Instance & Connect to It
- Install PHP 8.1 on the Amazon Linux 2
- Verify the PHP Installation
Step 1: Create an Amazon Linux 2 EC2 Instance & Connect to It
Create an Amazon Linux 2 EC2 instance. You can follow my previous tutorial on launching an EC2 instance to achieve this.
Once your instance is up and running, select your instance and click connect as shown below.
Use the EC2 Instance Connect option and click Connect
You are connected to the EC2 instance now.
That’s awesome. Let’s go to 2nd step to install PHP 8.1 on it.
2. How To Install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2
PHP 8.1 is present in amazon-linux-extras repository. To install a package from the extras repository, you need to have amazon-linux-extras installed in your system.
We will check that in a moment. Before installing any software on your instance, it’s always recommended to run a system update.
So let’s start with that step.
1. Run System Update
sudo yum update
2. Check If amazon-linux-extras is installed
Usually, Amazon Linux 2 system already comes installed with amazon-linux-extras and you can check it with the below command.
As you can see it is installed and you can see the location in the above screenshot.
However, by any chance, If it is not there, you can install it using the below command.
sudo yum install -y amazon-linux-extras
3. Check for Available PHP packages/topics in amazon-linux-extras repo
amazon-linux-extras list | grep php
After running g this command, it shows all the available versions of PHP in the repo as you can see below-
Well, did you notice PHP 8.1 already above?
Great, this is what we need.
4. Enable the Topic
Our next step is to enable this topic and you can do this by below command.
sudo amazon-linux-extras enable php8.1
Once you run this command, you will see that php8.1 is enabled.
5. Install PHP 8.1 from amazon-linux-extras repo
As you see in the above screenshot, CLI already provided you with the command to install PHP 8.1.
Let’s fire the command now.
sudo yum clean metadata && sudo yum install php-cli php-pdo php-fpm php-json php-mysqlnd
sudo amazon-linux-extras install php8.1
Both the command work equally well and after firing any of the above, you will get below output-
Enter y when prompted and your packages get installed on the system.
Note: You’ll have to use sudo(root privilege ) to run the above command. The reason is that whenever you try to install, remove or change any software, you must have root privilege to do such tasks.
Step 3: Verify the PHP Installation
You have successfully installed PHP 8.1 on your Linux 2 EC2 instance.
In this post, we learnt how to Install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2 EC2 Instance. We learnt a bit about the Amazon extras repository and how to install a package using that on Amazon Linux 2.
Then we connected our EC2 instance and installed PHP 8.1 using sudo amazon-linux-extras install php8.1 command.
Were you able to install PHP 8.1 on Amazon Linux 2 using this tutorial? Let me know in the comment section.
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